Know more about eye health! ! Myopia
Myopia in Hong Kong
Since the advent of smart phones, I believe that most Hong Kong people have never left their mobile phones. At the same time, there is a crisis that is slowly approaching and everyone is not aware of it! According to the Hong Kong Ophthalmological Association in 2019 , the proportion of myopia among adults in Hong Kong is the highest in the world.
At the same time, the Time Association also conducted eye examinations for about 13,559 children, and found that the myopia rate of children aged 4 to 9 has increased from 7.7% to 44.5% , which has nearly tripled in just three years. related.
Of course, it is not that simple. According to the publication "Growing Digital: An Overview of Children's Use of Screen Media" issued by the Department of Health in 2019 , 13% of children spend an average of 3 hours or more per day in just 5 years. Going online, this habit is very likely to be the sequelae of Mommy's "electronic pacifier". If things go on like this, just like the international report cited by Dr. Yam Cheuk-sing in " Public Education Event 2019 " in 2019 , nearly half of the population will suffer from myopia by 2050 !!
Short-sighted sister, wear glasses! ?
According to the publication of the "Student Health Service" of the Department of Health, it has been pointed out that glasses can only correct vision, that is, " see clearly " , but they cannot cure myopia or even prevent the progression of myopia, so everyone should not think about it There must be no problem if you wear glasses.
Is myopia a big deal?
It is true that myopia is the most difficult to see clearly, but myopia may lead to other more serious diseases. As Dr. Yip Pei Pei, President of the Hong Kong Academy of Ophthalmology, has pointed out, deep myopia makes the eyeballs elongate, which is very large. There may be retinal breaks or even detachment, which may also lead to eye diseases such as macular degeneration, glaucoma and cataracts, and the most serious may cause blindness. So everyone prays not to ignore the health of the eyes.
How to prevent myopia deepening?
According to the publication of the "Student Health Service" of the Department of Health, the following suggestions are provided
Good habit of using eyes
- The eyes should be at least 30 cm away from the book.
- It is best not to read on the bed, so as not to get the book too close to the eyes.
- Requires sufficient light to read.
- Eyes need regular breaks, especially after using electronic screens for more than 20-30 minutes.
- Depressing the eyes trains the eye muscles.
- Keep a proper distance when using electronic products.
- Reduce the time of using electronic products, especially in the adolescent stage, no more than 2 hours a day.
- Teenagers between the ages of 12 and 18 should try to avoid prolonged screen time.
The light should be even and comfortable
- The lighting should be uniform and comfortable, and there must be enough light, not too dazzling.
- If you use a desk lamp, avoid direct light into your eyes.
- When watching TV, remember to have enough light.
Printed fonts should be of high quality
- Poor quality prints are prone to eye fatigue. At the same time, the size of the font should be appropriate, and the segmentation and line spacing should be clear and comfortable.
- Paper Qianqi should not be reflective paper, because it will cause glare, and reading for a long time will aggravate eye fatigue.
- Be careful about the color of the paper, and the most important thing is to " strength " to see the words that are not good!
Regular eye exams and glasses if needed
- You should go for an eye examination every year, and any problems can be treated and prevented in time.
What nutrients are good for the eyes?
Of course, in addition to good habits, proper nutrition is very important. For example, the following nutrients are indispensable:
It has anti-oxidation effect and can prevent cataracts and some vision problems. If it is taken for a long time, it can improve problems such as jaundice disease and vision loss. This nutrient is mainly found in spinach or kale baskets. ( Source: Lutein, Dr. Hello ; WR Su , Website Editor )
Most of them appear in fruits such as blueberries, cherries, and raisins. Anthocyanins can help improve eye fatigue and improve vision. At the same time, they can help prevent diabetic retinopathy or cataracts due to aging. . ( Source: What is anthocyanin? What are the benefits? Super detailed explanation of the 4 major functions of anthocyanin! Check out the top 12 anthocyanin food rankings , Dr. Hello ; Zhang Kai'an, website editor )
Zeaxanthin exists in wolfberries, yellow peppers, egg yolks and other foods, and it is one of the nutrients that can prevent yellow rot. (Source: What are DHA and EPA ? Analysis of efficacy, differences and side effects, nutritionist guides you to eat healthy , VitaBox ; health food consultant Maggie )
Helps improve dry eye problems, and at the same time prevents dry eyes. In addition, it helps to resist problems such as dementia or cognitive decline. DHA mainly exists in deep-sea fish. (Source: Where is the difference between zeaxanthin and lutein? Analysis of 3 major functions and eating methods, mastering the key to bright and healthy health, VitaBox ; biomedical scientist Samuel )
It has anti-oxidation function in the body and is also involved in the formation of retinal visual pigment. If the intake is not enough, it may cause night blindness! At the same time, zinc can help slow down the speed of Huangban disease and improve vision. This nutrient is mainly found in nuts, oysters, beef and other foods. (Source: Zinc can also protect the eyes! The doctor revealed 6 kinds of nutritional secrets for eye protection, 1 of which can reduce the risk of cataract and macular degeneration, health 2.0 ; Zhu Yuxian)
My Alps Vital now has a product, "Swiss Energy - Swiss Eye Care Antioxidant Nanocapsules (30 capsules)" contains most of the above nutritional needs, and its nanocapsule technology helps better absorption Nutrition will not cause stomach upset at the same time, and it will not contain side effects. The most important thing is that our products have 9 world-class certifications, such as US FDA , Swiss pharmaceutical certification, Swiss biological certification, organic / biological certification, British BRC certification, European iFS certification, GMP , HACCP , ISO 22000 certificates; everyone can eat Be at ease!
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( source )
Zinc can also protect the eyes! The doctor reveals 6 secret recipes for eye protection, 1 of which reduces the risk of cataract and macular degeneration | OMEGA-3 | Lutein | Zeaxanthin | Health 2.0 (tvbs.com.tw)
"Student Health Service", Department of Health, ( https://www.studenthealth.gov.hk/tc_eng/resources/resources_bl/files/myopia.pdf )
"Non-communicable Diseases Watch", ( https://www.chp.gov.hk/files/pdf/ncd_watch_march_2019_chin.pdf )
Public Education Event 2019 , ( http://www.hkos.org.hk/?section=Top&id=72 )